VW Sharan repair

. Diesel engines: 1,9 l of TDI.
+ 1. Introduction
+ 2. VR6 engine
+ 3. Two-liter engine (ADY)
+ 4. System of greasing of the engine
+ 5. Cooling system
+ 6. System of injection of fuel of the VR6 engine
+ 7. Simos system of injection of fuel of the 2,0-liter engine
+ 8. Ignition system
+ 9. Coupling
+ 10. Mechanical 5-step transmission
+ 11. Shaft of a drive of wheels
+ 12. Hydraulic booster of a steering
+ 13. Forward suspension bracket
+ 14. Back suspension bracket
+ 15. Brake system
- 16. Electric equipment
   + 16.1. Storage battery
   + 16.2. Generator
   - 16.3. Starter
      16.3.1. Starter check
      16.3.2. Removal and starter installation
      16.3.3. Dismantling and starter assembly
   + 16.4. Screen wipers
   + 16.5. Headlights
   16.6. Back lamps
   16.7. Replacement of lamps of forward indexes of turn
+ 17. Diesel engine
+ 18. System of greasing of the diesel engine
+ 19. System of cooling of the diesel engine
+ 20. Power supply system of the diesel engine and turbokompressor
+ maintenance Card
+ Specifications and characteristics
+ Elektroskhema




Repair Sharan/Sharan Volkswagen>> Electric equipment>> Starter



The main part of system of start-up is the electric motor of a direct current — a starter fed from AB. The starter consists of the electric motor, the mechanism of a drive and the traction relay. Inclusion of a starter is carried out by contacts of its traction relay which enters into gearing a gear wheel of a starter and with a gear wreath of a flywheel, and also provides inclusion of a starterny chain at the closed contacts of the switch. The mechanism of a drive transfers a torque from a starter shaft to a flywheel through a tooth gearing and after the beginning of operation of the engine prevents torque transfer from a flywheel on a starter shaft. The starter is the most powerful consumer of electric energy on the car.


Possible malfunctions, their reasons and elimination methods
Cause of defect
Elimination method

At inclusion of ignition the control lamp of the category AB does not light up
1. AB is discharged.
1. Start the engine by means of auxiliary starting wires the prikurivaniye method or towage.

2. The control lamp fused.
2. Replace fused lamp.

3. Weakened fastening of wires on AB or the corresponding plugs were oxidized.
3. Tighten fastenings of wires. Check connections, if necessary smooth out plugs and AB conclusions.

4. The electric chain between the ignition lock, a control lamp of the category AB and the generator is broken off.
4. Address on STOA.

5. Fused a safety lock in the assembly block.
5. Replace a safety lock.

6. Coal brushes or a tension regulator are faulty.
6. Replace coal brushes and a tension regulator.

The control lamp burns at operation of the engine
1. Proskalzyvaniye of a belt of a drive of the generator
1. Adjust a belt tension.

2. Break or short circuit in diodes of a food of a winding of excitement.
2. Replace the damaged diodes.

3. The tension regulator is damaged.
3. Replace a tension regulator.

4. Break in one or several gates of the generator.
4. Replace the vypryamitelny block.

5. Break or mezhvitkovy short circuit in a stator winding, its short circuit on "weight".
5. Replace a generator stator.

6. Short circuit on "mass" of conclusions of a winding of excitement of the generator.
6. Replace a generator rotor.

The raised shumnost of the generator
1. The nut of fastening of a pulley of the generator is weakened.
1. Tighten a nut.

2. Generator bearings are damaged.
2. Replace bearings.

3. Mezhvitkovoye short circuit or short circuit on "mass" of a winding of a stator.
3. Replace a stator.

4. Short circuit in one of generator gates.
4. Replace the vypryamitelny block.

5. Scratch of brushes.
5. Wipe brushes and contact rings a cotton napkin moistened in gasoline.